The environment is a broad concept that deals with surroundings, including the living and non-living organisms. The United Nations General Assembly launched the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015 which is intended to be achieved by 2030. Seventeen goals are designed to be a “shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future.” The connection between Sustainable Development Goals and the environment is a significant concern of this edited volume because of the increasing demands for a long-term comprehensive strategy to resolve environment-related problems in North East India. An environment and ecosystem service is a network that deals with various perspectives of these 17 Goals. One of these goals, the significant targets are: no poverty, good health and well-being, zero hunger, gender equality, good education, clean water and sanitation, decent work and economic growth, and reduced inequality. The integration of these goals admits that action in one area will affect outcomes in others, and indeed these recognize that development must balance social, economic and environmental sustainability. SDG 15 defines ‘Life on Land’ that covers the entire of North-east India, including forest cover, wildlife, wasteland, hills and plains of the region. This edited volume is a collection of various critical dimensions of these goals in an interdisciplinary manner so that academicians, stakeholders and students can be benefitted from it. As a vulnerable region to natural disasters, including floods, earthquakes, landslides, and erosion, the region has to suffer double the burden of ecosystem degradation. Therefore, it is essential to look at the importance of sustainability issues in the region on both academic and grassroots levels. Furthermore, it configures the future aspects related to different sub-themes of Sustainability in the North-eastern region, such as the significance of environmental education, working with communities at the ground level, and management and formulation of policies.